Alcohol affects orofacial development. Many children with FAS have poor enamel development, and exhibit orthodontic challenges such as misplaced or absent teeth, late appearance of adult dentition, high palate, and cleft lip and palate. Voor meer onderzoek kun u terecht op Medline.

Fetal alcohol syndrome: case report and review of the literature.

Itthagarun A, Nair RG, Epstein JB, King NM. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2007 Mar;103(3):e20-5. Epub 2006 Dec 22. Review. Lees meer

Fetal alcohol syndrome and developing craniofacial and dental structures--a review.

Sant'Anna LB, Tosello DO. Orthod Craniofac Res. 2006 Nov;9(4):172-85. Review. Lees meer

A review of foetal alcohol syndrome and the role of the oral health care worker.

Naidoo S. SADJ. 2004 May;59(4):158-61. Review. Lees meer

Syndromen 19. Het foetaal alcoholsyndroom

Vissink A, Hoff M, Stremmelaar EF. Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd. 2000 Mar;107(3):97-9. Review. Dutch. Lees meer